Imikhiqizo

Ubuchwepheshe bomshini obunezinhlangothi ezimbili bezingxenye ze-optical planar

1.I-trajectory yokunyakaza yanoma iyiphi i-particle yengxenye ecutshunguliwe

Njengoba izindawo ezimbili ezingaphezulu zicutshungulwa ngokuvumelanayo, izici ezikhawulelwe ziphindwe kabili kunqubo yokucubungula.Ngakho-ke, kubaluleke kakhulu ukulwela ukwenza i-trajectory yokunyakaza kwanoma iyiphi inhlayiya ebusweni bengxenye ecutshunguliwe iyunifomu ngesikhathi sokunyakaza okuhlobene kwe-workpiece ecutshunguliwe kanye nesikhunta.Kungale ndlela kuphela lapho ingxenye ngayinye ezindaweni ezimbili ingasuswa ngokufanayo futhi ifinyelele umphumela wokugaya okufanayo nokupholisha.

Umdwebo 12-5 ubonisa ithrekhi yokunyakaza yephoyinti epuleti lokugaya elihlobene nengxenye ecutshunguliwe, okubonisa ukuthi kungenzeka ukufeza ukukhishwa okufanayo kwengxenye ngayinye kuzo zombili izinhlangothi ngaphakathi kobubanzi bepharamitha yethuluzi lomshini womshini ohlangene kabili. umklamo.Umthelela walesi sici kuxoxwa ngawo kunkomba [4], engafundwa ngokuningiliziwe ngabafundi abanentshisekelo.

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2.Umumo ongaphezulu wediski yokugaya noma yokupholisha

Ngokusobala, enqubweni yokugaya okunezinhlangothi ezimbili noma ukupholishwa, ukuma okuphindwe kabili kwezinhlangothi zepuleti eliyisicaba kuncike kakhulu ekudlulisweni komumo ongaphezulu wefa eliphansi kanye nokufa okuphezulu kwethuluzi lomshini.Ngakho-ke, ngaphambi kokusetshenziswa okusemthethweni kwethuluzi lomshini omusha, ukuvuleka kwesikhunta esiphezulu nesingaphansi kuzobonakala.Uma yehluleka ukuhlangabezana nezidingo, isikhunta esiyinhloko sendiza sizosetshenziselwa ukulungiswa, futhi imingcele yenqubo efana nesivinini, ingcindezi kanye nesikhathi sokucubungula izonqunywa ngokucutshungulwa kwesilingo sezingxenye, kanye nokuma okungaphezulu kwezingxenye ezicutshunguliwe. izohlolwa ukuze kulungiswe ukuma kwengaphezulu kwesikhunta esiphezulu nesiphansi.Ngemuva kokuhlolwa okuningi nokulungiswa ukwenza ukwakheka kwendawo yokucubungula yezingxenye kuhlangabezane nezidingo zokudweba, ukukhiqizwa kwe-batch kungenziwa.

Ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukukhanyiswa kwempushana elumayo nepholishwayo nhlangothi zombili ngesikhathi sokugaya nokupholishwa, ama-grooves azovulwa kudiski elicolekileyo lokugaya kanye nediski yokupholisha, futhi ukwakheka kwemisele kuzoba imicu eqondile nevundlile.

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3.Umklamo olungile wegiya leplanethi

Ipuleti eliyisicaba elicutshunguliwe lifakwa egiyeni leplanethi.Ngakho-ke, ukwakheka okulungile kwegiya leplanethi kunomthelela omkhulu kwikhwalithi yezingxenye ezicutshunguliwe.Ekwakhiweni kwamagiya eplanethi, ngaphezu kwemojula kanye nenani lamazinyo amagiya ethuluzi lomshini, izici ezintathu zibanjwa ngokuyinhloko: okokuqala, ubukhulu bamagiya eplanethi;Okwesibili ubukhulu bokuvulwa kwesondo leplanethi;Okwesithathu ukuvulwa kwegiya leplanethi.Ububanzi kanye nokuma kwezinyo kwegiya leplanethi kunqunywa ithuluzi lomshini.

Ugqinsi lwesondo leplanethi luzonqunywa ngokuhambisana nobukhulu obumangelengele kanye nemvume yomshini wezingxenye ezicutshunguliwe.Ngokuvamile, izoba mncane kunobukhulu obungenalutho bezingxenye ezicutshunguliwe, futhi ubukhulu obuncane buzoba bukhulu kunemvume yomshini yezingxenye.Kungale ndlela kuphela kungaqinisekiswa ukuthi okungaphezulu nangaphansi kuyafa ngokucindezela okuthile ukugaya izingxenye ezicutshunguliwe esikhundleni sesondo leplanethi ngesikhathi senqubo yomshini ohlangene kabili.Ngokuvamile, ezingxenyeni zomshini ezacile kakhulu ezinogqinsi olungaphansi kuka-0.2mm, ubukhulu begiya leplanethi buzoba buncane ngo-3pm ~ 5pm kunobukhulu bezingxenye ezishiwo ngomshini;Ezingxenyeni zomshini ezinogqinsi olujwayelekile, ugqinsi lwegiya leplanethi lizoba lincane ngo-0.05mm-0.05mm kunogqinsi lwezingxenye zomshini ongu-1mm.Ubukhulu besondo leplanethi akumele bube buncane kakhulu kunobukhulu bezingxenye ezizocutshungulwa. , ngaphandle kwalokho, izingxenye zizogxuma ziphume ekuvulekeni kwesondo leplanethi ngesikhathi sokucubungula, ngaleyo ndlela zenze izingxenye ziwe futhi ziphule.

Usayizi wokuvula wesondo leplanethi mkhulu kancane kunosayizi wengxenye ecutshunguliwe, kodwa awukwazi ukuba mkhulu kakhulu.Ukukhulu kakhulu kuzophinde kubangele ukungqubuzana phakathi kwengxenye ecutshunguliwe kanye nesondo leplanethi enqubweni yokucubungula, ngaleyo ndlela kubangele ukugoqa komphetho kanye nokuwa kwe-engeli yengxenye.Ngokuvamile, ubude obuseceleni bezingxenye eziwunxande kanye nobubanzi bezingxenye eziyindilinga kufanele bube buncane ngo-0.20mm kunosayizi wokuvula wamagiya eplanethi.

Isakhiwo sokuvula sesondo leplanethi sizosatshalaliswa ngokulinganayo esondweni leplanethi.Ukusabalalisa okunengqondo kungandisa inani lezingxenye ngaphakathi kwendawo yesondo leplanethi.Uma kuyingxenye eyisiyingi, imbobo yengxenye eyisiyingi izohlelwa ngokufihlekile ngokuhlobene nesondo leplanethi, ukuze kube lula ukujikeleza kwengxenye ecutshunguliwe ngokuhlobene nokuvulwa kwesondo leplanethi ngesikhathi sokucubungula.

Izinto zesondo leplanethi zingaba ipulasitiki yensimbi noma ye-resin, futhi ukukhanya kwayo nokuhambisana kwazo zombili izinhlangothi kufanele kube kuhle.Uma ukusebenza kwempahla kwehluleka ukuhlangabezana nezidingo, ngemuva kokufakwa kwegiya, indawo ye-burr yegiya leplanethi ingafakwa ethuluzini lomshini lokuzigaya ukuze kuhlangatshezwane nezidingo.

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4.Ukulungiselela kanye nokusetshenziswa koketshezi lokugaya kanye noketshezi lokupholisha

Ithuluzi lomshini elisetshenziselwa ukugaya okucolisekileyo okunezinhlangothi ezimbili ngesivinini esikhulu lisebenzisa uketshezi lokugaya olulungisiwe, futhi ithuluzi lomshini elisetshenziselwa ukupholisha okunezinhlangothi ezimbili ngesivinini esikhulu lisebenzisa uketshezi lokupholisha olulungisiwe.Uketshezi olugayayo kanye noketshezi olupholishwayo lulungiswa ngesilinganiso esithile ngokusho kwempahla, ukuhwaqazeka kwendawo kanye nosayizi wengxenye yezingxenye ezicutshunguliwe.Uketshezi olulungisiwe lokugaya kanye noketshezi lokupholisha kuthunyelwa ngokuzenzakalelayo uhlelo lokulawula ithuluzi lomshini ukuze lugaywe kabusha.Hlunga njalo ngesikhathi sokusebenzisa, futhi unake ukulawula ukugeleza phakathi nokusetshenziswa.Ngaphansi kwesimo sokuqinisekisa izidingo ezijwayelekile zokucubungula, ukugeleza okulawulwayo kuzoba kuncane ngangokunokwenzeka ukuze kugcinwe izinga lokushisa elidingekayo ngesikhathi sokugaya nokupholisha.

5.Ukunqunywa kwemingcele yemishini

Ijubane lokujikeleza, ingcindezi kanye nesikhathi sokucubungula esijwayelekile sesikhunta esiphezulu nesiphansi, okuyimingcele eyinhloko yokusebenza kwethuluzi lomshini, kudingeka kunqunywe ngokuya ngezinto ezibonakalayo, izidingo zokucubungula kanye nobukhulu bezingxenye okufanele zicutshungulwe (ikakhulukazi ubukhulu yezingxenye), futhi ilungiswe ngezivivinyo.Uma sekunqunyiwe, ukulandelana kwenqubo kusethwe ukuze kusebenze okuzenzakalelayo.Enqubweni yokugaya nokupholisha, ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukufana kokucutshungulwa kwezinhlangothi ezimbili, ngokuvamile, ngemva kwesikhathi esithile sokucutshungulwa nokuvalwa okuzenzakalelayo, izingxenye ezizocutshungulwa zizophendulwa emigodini yamagiya eplanethi, futhi izikhundla ezifanayo zizoshintshwa, bese ithuluzi lomshini lizoqalwa.Le nqubo ibizwa ngokuthi "imoto eyodwa" processing.Ngokuvamile, kunezimoto ezingu-2-3, futhi izingxenye zizopholishwa futhi zipholishwe.

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6.Ukungaguquguquki kogqinsi lwezingxenye ezenziwe ngomshini

Ngenxa yokuthi umshini womshini onezinhlangothi ezimbili onobubanzi obukhulu be-die unamagiya eplanethi angu-5, futhi igiya ngalinye leplanethi lingahlelwa libe nezingxenye eziningi ezizocutshungulwa, umshini owodwa osemaceleni amabili ungacubungula izingxenye ezengeziwe.Esigabeni esihle sokugaya, ukuhambisana kokuqina kwalezi zingxenye ezicutshunguliwe kuvame ukuba yisici esibalulekile esithinta ikhwalithi yokucubungula enqubweni yokucubungula kabili.Ngakho-ke, umehluko wobukhulu bendawo engenalutho ehlinzekwa ukugaya okuqinile kufanele kube okuqinile, ngokuvamile kungabi ngaphezu kuka-0.02mm, futhi kuyadingeka ukuthi ngemva kokuvalwa kwesikhunta esiphezulu, ingcindezi ingasetshenziswa kancane kancane isikhathi esithile, ngakho-ke. ukuthi ukushuba kwezingxenye kancane kancane kujwayele ukuhambisana ngesikhathi sokugaya, Uma kungenjalo, izingxenye zizophulwa ngesikhathi sokucubungula ngenxa yengcindezi engalingani.Uma ucezu olukhulu lwengilazi ye-optical lunqunywa zibe izingcezu ezincane ngomshini wokusika ukuze kucutshungulwe kabili, ithonya lalesi sici senqubo ngeke libe khona.

 

Ukuze uqinisekise ukuvumelana kogqinsi lwengxenye ngayinye ecutshungulwe epuletini elilodwa esigabeni sokupholisha esinezinhlangothi ezimbili, ngokuvamile khetha ithuluzi lomshini wokugaya elinezinhlangothi ezimbili ezinosayizi ofanayo wepuleti lokufa, bhangqa ukugaya nokupholishwa, bese uhlela izingxenye. ezigaywe kahle epuletini elilodwa ukuze zipholishwe, ukuze kuqedwe ithonya.

Ngemuva kokuhlanza, izingxenye ezine-polish-side-side polishing zidinga uku-chamfer, chamfered futhi zithunyelwe ukuze zihlolwe ngamunye ngamunye.Ngemva kokuqeda ukugaya, izingxenye ezicutshungulwayo zingase zifakwe i-chamfered, i-chamfered bese zipholishwa nhlangothi zombili.Ikakhulukazi, izinqubo zokuqhafaza kanye ne-chamfering ngemva kokuqeda ukugaya zingokwesayensi futhi zinengqondo.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Aug-20-2022